Psoriasis: What You Need to Know
Derived from the word psora meaning itch and -sis meaning action or condition, Psoriasis is a skin ailment that affects around 2 to 4 percent of the population and is characterized by red patches on the skin that are itchy and can be seen in almost any part of the body depending on the type of psoriasis that occurs. Those who suffer from psoriasis should not fear having to be with their family and friends as it will not infect other people and is not at all contagious.
Types of Psoriasis
Studies have learned and proven that psoriasis have five different types:
1. Erythrodermic psoriasis is often seen on the face, feet, hands, trunk and even nails and often may cause the skin to exfoliate along the way
2. Guttate psoriasis is often seen on the upper trunk as well as extremities and is frequent with young adults
3. Inverse psoriasis is often seen on the different folds and flexor surfaces of the body like the axillae, ears, groin, inframammary folds, intergluteal crease, lips or navel
4. Plaque psoriasis is often seen on the back, elbows, knees and scalp and look like inflamed and scaly red plus silvery white skin
5. Pustular psoriasis is often seen on the hands and feet and look like raised bumps that contain pus
Among these kinds of psoriasis the most common that is seen in most psoriatic individuals is the plaque psoriasis which affects around 85 to 90 percent of the psoriatic population. The least common among the types is the erythrodermic psoriasis and is the most serious form needing constant consultation with the doctor.
Why and How Psoriasis Occurs
Those who have psoriasis know that their condition is quite difficult at times especially since the red spots that occur on their skin are often very itchy and at times even stings and feels like it burns. The source of these spots and what looks like excesses of skin is triggered by the body’s own immune system – simply put, the body produces too much skin cells as an answer to the mistake of thinking that other cells of the skin are viruses or bacteria.
Despite the fact that psoriasis is a known disease, the factors that lead to it are still not yet concrete but often it is genetics that is deemed to play a large part that triggers the condition in many psoriatic individuals. There are of course other possible factors that are believed to trigger psoriasis such as alcoholism, diabetes, infection, obesity, skin injuries and dryness, smoking, stress and even certain medications.
What to do with Psoriasis
Aside from the types of psoriasis people should also be aware that there are mild, moderate and severe kinds of psoriasis and the treatment and solutions that will help psoriatic individuals would really depend on these categories.
Mild psoriasis can be addressed through medication applied topically and are often bought over the counter, these are also helpful for moderate and sever psoriasis but other solutions include phototherapy or light therapy. Help from a physician is always the best step to consider in any of these situations so that they are able to extend the help and best solutions necessary.